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Wednesday, September 14, 2016

Lumbini- Travel To Nepal

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Lumbini, World Heritage Site


lumbinī , is a buddhist pilgrimage site inside the rupandehi district of nepal. it's far the area where, in line with buddhist tradition, queen mayadevi gave start to siddhartha gautama in 563 bce. gautama, who finished enlightenment some time round 528 bce, have become the gautama buddha and founded buddhism. lumbini is one in every of many magnets for pilgrimage that sprang up in places pivotal to the lifestyles of gautama buddha.

lumbini has a number of temples, which includes the mayadevi temple and several others which might be still underneath production. many monuments, monasteries and a museum, the lumbini international studies institute, also are inside the holy web page. also there's the puskarini, or holy pond, wherein the buddha's mom took the ritual dip prior to his delivery and where he had his first bath. at other sites close to lumbini, in advance buddhas have been, in keeping with tradition, born, then carried out last enlightenment and finally relinquished their earthly bureaucracy.

Lumbini was made a World Heritage Site status by UNESCO in 1997


Rediscovery



In 1896, Nepalese archaeologists (led by Khadga Samsher Rana and assisted by Alois Anton Führer) discovered a great stone pillar at Lumbini. Führer postulated that the pillar was placed at the site by Ashoka (emperor of the Maurya Empire) circa 245 BCE. Records made by the Chinese pilgrim Faxian in the early fifth century CE were also used in the process of identifying this religiously acclaimed site.


Recent excavations beneath existing brick structures at the Mayadevi Temple at Lumbini have uncovered evidence for an older timber structure beneath the walls of the newer brick Buddhist shrine, which was constructed during the Ashokan era. The layout of the Ashokan shrine closely follows that of the earlier timber structure, which suggests a continuity of worship at the site. The pre-Mauryan timber structure appears to be an ancient bodhigara (tree shrine), consisting of postholes and a wooden railing surrounding a clay floor containing mineralized tree roots that appears to have been worn smooth by visitors. Radiocarbon dating of charcoal from the wooden postholes and optically stimulated luminescence dating of elements in the soil suggests human activity (possibly pre-Buddhist tree worship) began at the site around 1000 BCE, followed by the development of a Buddhist monastery-like community by approximately 550 BCE.


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